Nernst Equation

The Nernst Equation

Calculation of oxygen concentration from SIRO2 sensor signal

Please enter the operating temperature (500 - 1700 deg C) and the measured mV (0 - 1200 mV) signal. The corresponding oxygen concentration is calculated. If it is very low, it is displayed in scientific notation.

Output (mV):

The Nernst equation is E = (RT/nF)ln(pO2/pO2')

E = sensor electromotive force, (mV)
R = gas constant
T = temperature, (Kelvin)
n = number of charges per reactant species
F = Faraday constant
p = partial pressure (mole fraction)

This equation describes the electromotive force (emf) developed when there are different concentrations of a reactant on each side of an electrolyte.

If oxygen is to be measured, using a zirconia ceramic electrolyte and atmospheric air, with pO2 = 0.209, as a reference, this equation simplifies to:

pO2 = 0.209 exp(-46.421 E/T)

The equation may be re-arranged, to allow calculation of the emf from a known reference concentration and a measured oxygen concentration:

E = 0.0496 T log(pO2/0.209 )

Calculation of Nernst voltage from oxygen concentration.

Note that the oxygen concentration can be entered either as a decimal fraction (so that 1% would be entered as 0.01) or in power of 10 notation ( so that 0.001% would be 1.00*10^-5).

Output (mV):

Australian Oxytrol Systems supplies a range of industrial, scientific and pottery probes for the measurement of oxygen at high temperature.


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